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ARK Glossary: Grade 2


The liturgical season in which we prepare ourselves for the Incarnation of the Son of God at Christmas. We prepare not only for the coming of Jesus as a baby, but also for His Second Coming at the end of time. This season is represented by the color violet, or purple, which represents penance and humility. 


Forty days after His Resurrection, Jesus went up to, or ascended into, Heaven in His glorified body.


Twelve men whom Jesus called to follow Him during His earthly life and who continued His work after His Death and Resurrection. Jesus gave them the authority to teach in His name, to heal in His name, and to forgive sins in His name.


The first Sacrament of Initiation. In Baptism we are born into new life in Jesus. We need Baptism to go to Heaven. Baptism makes us members of the Church, takes away Original Sin,  forgives our personal sins, and gives us new life in Christ. The celebration of Baptism involves being immersed in water or having water poured over one’s head in the name of the Holy Trinity.


The Sacrament in which we receive the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ under the appearances of bread and wine. Jesus instituted this Sacrament at the Last Supper. The Eucharist is the source and summit of our Christian life. It is not merely a symbol, but is Jesus’ true Flesh and Blood.


The Sacrament in which we confess our sins when we are truly sorry for them and receive forgiveness from God through a priest. This Sacrament reunites us with God and His Church and fills us with sanctifying grace.


The voice of God within our hearts that helps us know right and wrong.


A prayerful review of what we have done and what we have failed to do that helps us to think about whether we have broken one of the Ten Commandments, or hurt God, His Church, other people, or ourselves.It is important to examine your conscience before the Sacrament of Reconciliation.


The ability to choose freely how we act.


Means “good news” in English and refers to the good news of salvation offered through faith in Jesus Christ in the Catholic Church. The Gospels according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John were given this name because they document the life, death, and Resurrection of Jesus.


The liturgical season in which we focus on the Paschal Mystery — Jesus’ Passion, Death, and Resurrection, and how He redeemed us. During Lent we do penance and prepare our hearts to receive the salvation won for us by Christ through fasting, prayer, and almsgiving.


A calendar that charts the various seasons, remembrances, feasts, and celebrations in the life of the Church over the course of a year. The liturgical year begins with Advent and includes the seasons of Christmas, Lent, Holy Week or Triduum, Easter, and the two larger periods of Ordinary Time.


The second part of the Mass, in which we receive the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ in the Eucharist. In this part of the Mass, the priest prays the words of consecration and changes the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ. We also come to the altar of the Lord to receive Holy Communion.


The first part of the Mass, in which we receive the written Word of God. In this part of the Mass, the Scriptures are proclaimed and the priest teaches us in his homily. We also join together in prayer for others and profess our Faith.


Also called the Our Father, it is the prayer given to us by Christ when He taught us in the Gospels to pray. It is the perfect example of prayer. We pray it together at every Mass and when we pray the Rosary.


A title of Mary that describes her motherhood of Jesus, who is fully man and fully God.


The Mass is the liturgical celebration and memorial of Christ’s sacrifice on the Cross and His Resurrection from the dead. At every Mass, the priest changes the bread and wine into Christ’s Body and Blood in the Eucharist. The Mass is divided into two sections: the Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist.


Serious sin that we choose to commit even though we know it is wrong. Mortal sin breaks our friendship with God and completely rejects His love for us.


A short story that uses characters or situations that we can relate to in order to teach us a deeper lesson.. Jesus taught about the Kingdom of God and God’s love for us using parables.


A priest who is in charge of a parish church.


A sign of God’s grace that gives the grace that it signifies.. Jesus founded seven Sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Penance and Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Holy Matrimony.


The spiritual part of who we are that allows us to communicate with God. It is the soul that gives our body life. Our soul lives on even when our body dies.


The virtues of faith, hope, and charity that are given to Christians by God.


“Three in one.” God is three Persons in one God: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. God revealed to us that He is a Trinity.


A habit of doing what is good. We build virtues through our own efforts and with God’s grace.